Russia,Tambov region

Tambov oblast history The most ancient population on the present territory of Tambov oblast was Mordva-Moksha people which formed as a nation from local ethnic groups in 6th century A.C. The first Russian settlers came there even before Mongols, but final settlement of the Russians there took place in 17th century.

Russian government constructed towns-fortresses Kozlov (1635) and Tambov (1636) in order to protect the southern frontiers of Russia from the Tatars and to further assimilate the black soil area. These towns safely protected the main ways of Tatar attacking the Russian lands and made the rapid inhabiting of the region possible.

In 1779 it was Tambov territory ruled by governor-general, from 1796 - Tambovskaya gubernia. It remained almost unchanged till 1928. On July 16th, 1928, the oblast division took place. Central-Chernozyomnaya oblast was formed on the territories of Voronezhskaya, Kurskaya, Orlovskaya and Tambovskay gubernias. Tambov became the administrative center of Tambovsky district.

On June 13th, 1934, Central-Chernozyomnaya oblast was divided into Kurskaya and Voronezhskaya oblasts. On September 13th, 1937, autonomous Tambovskaya oblast was formed from the some of the territories of Voronezhskaya and Kuybyshevskaya oblasts.

Tambov oblast economics
Tambov oblast is divided into 23 districts, 7 towns of regional submission, 1 town of district submission, 13 town settlements, 304 villages.

Main industries of Tambov region include machine-building (chemical equipment production, parts and spare items for automobiles and tractors, textile equipment, gadgets, household refrigerators), chemical, light, food (sugar, meat, flour-grinding, butter-making, canning).

The main way of the South-Eastern Railway which connects the center of Russia with the southern regions crosses the western part of Tambov oblast through the town of Michurinsk. The main highway M6 “Kaspiy” goes close to Michurinsk and Tambov and links the center with Volgogradskaya and Astrakhanskaya oblasts and Kalmykia.

The local line airport is located near Tambov in the settlement of Donskoye. The central part of the oblast is crossed by oil product pipelines “Samara - Sumy” and “Samara - Uzhgorod” as well as by the largest oil pipeline “Drouzhba”.

Crops, beetroots, sunflower, potatoes and fodder crops are grown as well as fruits. Spirits, starch and treacle are produced on the basis of crops and potatoes processing. Cattle-breeding (meat- and milk-producing), pig- and sheep-breeding and poultry farming are developed.

Tambov oblast attractions
Tambov is an ancient Russian city, an industrial and cultural center, one of the most beautiful cities of Russia which preserved its image and is located close to Moscow (470 km). The nature of Tambovskaya oblast is specific and beautiful, but the main thing is - it doesn’t repeat itself in such combination anywhere else.

It is there that 2 kinds of landscape met in Tambovskaya oblast: northern forests, or so-called European taiga and steppes. The outskirts of Tambov are a unique combination of taiga and steppe fauna and flora. Thanks to its picturesque and various landscapes they are beautiful recreation areas. Moreover, history presented Tambov with at least 2 tourist brands: first, famous “Tambovsky wolf” lives in these forests, and second, it is Tambov where one can find the most delicious potatoes and ham.

The following churches are located on the territory of the oblast: Transformation church, Kazan monastery and Ascension convent in Tambov, Ilya and Bogoluybsky churches in Michurinsk, Morshansky Trinity church, John Forerunner Tregulyaev monastery with a saint spring and swimming lot and others.

Among preserved churches there are some unique ones being national heritage. For example, Annunciation church with the ceramic iconostasis in the village of Novotomnikovo, Morshansky district, and Michail-Archangel church with the porcelain iconostasis in Mordovo.

Photo of Tambov region